Glimpsing lions, giraffes and elephants on an African safari. Standing amid hundreds of thousands of penguins on the icy expanse of Antarctica. Hiking amid ancient tortoises and curious blue-footed boobies in the Galapagos Islands. They’re all dream experiences for animal lovers—and they’re among the top ways travelers interact with wildlife on vacation.

But they’re not the only places to get close to fantastic fauna around the world. Here are five more wildlife-centric trips you’ll want to add to your travel bucket list—plus how to responsibly get up close:

1. Feed a moose in Alaska

When you think of wildlife viewing in Alaska, you probably think of brown bears catching salmon in rushing waterfalls or whales breaching in icy straits. Those views are certainly magnificent (and not to be missed!), but the state offers up plenty of other animal encounters that are just as delightful.

Several are revealed with a visit to the Alaska Wildlife Conservation Center, home to rescued bears, eagles, elk, porcupines, a musk ox and more. This is the place to be if you’ve ever dreamed of getting up-close and personal with a moose: One will eat right out of your hand during the center’s Moose Encounter (offered daily, June 1 through August 31).

Responsible travel tip: Moose tend to wander all over in Alaska. If you encounter one in the wild, stay at least 50 feet away from it—and never try to feed it.

2. Track gorillas in Africa

Walk quietly along the bamboo-covered slopes of the Virunga Mountains in Rwanda’s Volcanoes National Park, and you might see them. There, amid the greenery, families of mountain gorillas—the largest of the great apes—go about their daily lives. Fewer than 900 of these majestic creatures, with their soulful eyes and eerily humanlike mannerisms, live in the wild today—and this is the only place humans can get close to them in their natural habitat.

Gorilla treks are closely monitored by the park and led by expert local guides. You can also hike to the gravesite of primate researcher Dian Fossey (of Gorillas in the Mist fame) and see what’s left of the original Rwandan location of her research center.

Responsible travel tip: To help minimize the risk of passing human germs to the gorillas, the park asks visitors to stay at least 22 feet away from them at all times—and if you have a cold, don’t visit. Spitting in the park is also strictly forbidden.

3. Wander with bison in Yellowstone National Park

With their great, shaggy heads and distinctive humped backs, bison are a symbol of the American West—and, as of 2016, they’re officially America’s national mammal. Just over a century ago, they were near extinction, but the behemoth beasts have made a comeback—especially in Yellowstone.

The park, which sits mostly in Wyoming, is the only place in the United States where bison have lived continuously since prehistoric times. Today, more than 4,500 of them roam Yellowstone’s grasslands; the Hayden and Lamar valleys are among the best places to spot them. For extra cuteness, go in late April and May when bison calves are born.

Responsible travel tip: Bison may look slow and harmless, but they’re actually quite agile and can run up to 35 miles per hour. So it’s best to keep your distance.

4. Pamper pandas in China

You could spend hours online transfixed by adorable panda videos, and there are four U.S. zoos (Atlanta, Memphis, San Diego and Washington, D.C.) where you can get a glimpse of these black-and-white fur balls. But there’s nothing quite like visiting the giant panda in its native country of China, where the World Wildlife Federation estimates there are fewer than 1,900 of them in the wild.

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China’s Dujiangyan Panda Center is dedicated to rescuing sick or injured pandas, caring for senior pandas, and researching disease control and prevention among the species. There, you can be a panda keeper for the day, helping to clean their enclosures and prepare their food.

Responsible travel tip: Since giant pandas have a keen sense of smell, avoid wearing strong perfume, cologne or other products while you’re interacting with the animals.

5. Listen for Puerto Rico’s coqui frogs

There’s only one tropical rain forest in the U.S. national park system: El Yunque National Forest on the island of Puerto Rico. It’s amazing enough just to hike amid the vibrant foliage and relax in the cool mist of a waterfall, but the experience gets even more intriguing when the male coqui frogs begin their nightly singing.

These tiny amphibians (the largest species is no more than three inches long) call out “ko-kee, ko-kee” in an effort to ward off other males and attract females. The frogs are native to Puerto Rico and have become an endearing symbol of the island.

Responsible travel tip: El Yunque National Forest is open and welcoming visitors, but crews are still working to repair damage left by hurricanes Maria and Irma in 2017. Before you go, visit the U.S. Forest Service website for updates.

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